Content covered: HOW TO IMPROVE SLEEP?

  • The concept of sleep
  • How sleep functions?
  • Why many people suffer from sleep loss without understanding it
  • Useful suggestions for improved sleep and health.

A Sleep Loss Guide For Beginners on how to improve sleep?


Michel Siffre entered a cave in southwest Texas on February 13, 1972. From that point, he wouldn’t see sunlight for the next six months.

Siffre was a French physicist and expert in chronobiology, researching biological cycles. The most well-known of these biological cycles is circadian rhythm. This rhythm regulates the period of human sleep-wake. Siffre embarked on a quest to discover its working.

In a nutshell, Siffre ‘s cave life was spartan. He stayed in a tent that stood on a tiny wooden platform. The only notable furniture as a bed, pillow, chair, and telephone. The telephone was used to contact his study team upstairs. The only source of light was a single light bulb. This bulb emanated a gentle glow to the stacks of frozen food and 800 gallons of water . There were no watches or clocks. Siffre had no schedules. There was no way to differentiate between day and night. This was Siffre’s situation throughout his solitary lifestyle.

Within a couple of days, Siffre’s biological clock took control. He later recalled his experience and stated that – “My sleep was great! My body prefers to sleep and eat alone. That’s significant. We showed that my sleep-wake period wasn’t twenty-four hours like humans on earth’s land, but somewhat longer — about twenty-four hours and thirty minutes. “On some occasions, Siffre ‘s body switched to a 48-hour sleep-wake period. In such cases,  he would stay awake for 36 hours and then sleep for 12 hours.

Siffre ‘s study, coupled with studies by a couple of other scholars, helped kick-start a scientific interest in sleep. These experiments culminated in the creation of various sleep success centers. Universities like Harvard and Pennsylvania University started showing keen interest towards sleep cycles. We spend about 1/3 of our lives sleeping. Thereby,  it is not  hard to imagine that in recent years, the subject has  received a great deal of research.

In this post, I’ll explain sleep science and how it operates. Moreover, I will  explore why many people suffer from sleep loss. I will also be providing various realistic tips for getting more sleep. This can help in  falling asleep faster, and gaining more energy.



To address the question, let us discuss an experiment by Pennsylvania University and Washington State University researchers.

The researchers started the experiment by observing 48 healthy men and women who averaged 7-8 hours of sleep a night. They divided this group into four segments :

-The first party drew the straw. They remained straight for 3 days without eating.

-The second party spent 4 hours a night.

-The third party slept 6 hours a night.

-The fourth party slept 8 hours a night.

In the final three groups—4, 6, and 8 hours of sleep — these sleep cycles kept the subjects straight for two weeks. The physical and mental variations of these participants were observed.

Here’s what was observed.

Over the 14-day trial, the participants  who were given a complete 8-hour sleep reported no memory problems. Moreover, there were no concentration lapses and decline in  motor ability. Meanwhile ,the  health of the classes earning 4 hours to 6 hours of sleep deteriorated gradually. The four-hour group did worse, but the six-hour group wasn’t any different. Particularly, there were two noteworthy findings.



Accumulated sleep debt

So, how to improve sleep? sleep debt, the researchers conclude, “has a neurobiological effect that accumulates over time.” After a week, 25 percent of the six-hour part slept spontaneously during the day. The six-hour party  had lower energy levels even two weeks later. The observed effects were the same as if they sat awake for two days straight. In short, it is safe to say that if you sleep 6 hours a night for two weeks straight, your emotional and physical health would drop to the same degree as if you had been up 48 hours straight.

Secondly, they didn’t realize the effects of sleep loss on their success. As the participants gave their feedback, they thought their success decreased for a couple days and then tapered off. In fact, every day they kept getting worse. In other terms, when we move through them, we’re bad observers of our own success. You could assume your success stays the same on low sleep rates, but it’s not. And even though you’re comfortable with your sleep-deprived results, you’re not working optimally.

The cost of sleep loss for how to improve your sleep


The irony behind sleep loss is that several of us suffer from sleep loss in order to get our work done. However, the decline in efficiency ruins the possible gains that can be obtained through working longer hours.

Studies also reported that sleep loss costs companies over $100 BILLION per year in missed productivity.

As Gregory Belenky, Director of the Washington State University Sleep and Success Study Center puts it – “If you’re doing work that doesn’t take much thinking, you’re selling time awake at performance cost.”

And this brings us to the crucial questions: Where does sleep debt accumulate? If results decrease, start adding up?

According to a broad variety of reports, the turning point is typically around 7 or 7.5 hour. In general , researchers believe that 95% of adults ought to sleep 7-9 hours per night to work optimally.

Here’s another way to put it: 95 % of people who regularly sleep less than 7 hours would report reduced mental and physical output. According to Harvard Medical School, “The total amount of time Americans spent sleeping has decreased from around nine hours a night in 1910 to around seven hours today.”

Moreover, according to Dr. Lawrence Epstein at Harvard Medical School, 20 % of Americans (1 in 5) sleep fewer than six hours a night.

Everyone requires at least eight hours of sleep per night. Kids, adolescents, and older adults normally require more.

How Sleep Works

Period of Sleep-Wake

Your sleep quality is calculated by a sleep-wake cycle phase.img-6

Sleep-wake cycle has two essential parts:

[1] Slow wave sleep (so-called deep sleep)

[2] REM sleep (REM’s Rapid Eye Movement)

Let us consider deep sleep. In this case, breathing becomes more normal. The blood pressure gradually decreases. Moreover the brain becomes less sensitive to external stimulation. This ultimately makes it harder to wake up. This process is important for body renewal and reconstruction. The pituitary gland produces growth hormone during slow wave sleep, promoting tissue development and muscle recovery. Researchers also conclude this stage can restore the body’s immune system. Slow wave sleep is important if you’re an athlete. You’ll also learn about celebrities like Roger Federer or LeBron James sleeping 11 to 12 hours a night.

Consider a report researchers performed on Stanford basketball players as an indication of sleep ‘s effect on physical health. During this analysis, players slept at least 10 hours each night (compared to their average 8 hours). The researchers assessed basketball players’ performance and pace over their previous averages after five weeks of prolonged sleep. Free firing percentage improved 9%. Three-point shot rate rose by 9.2%. And the players sprinted 80 metres quicker 0.6 seconds. By putting strong physical demands on the body, slow wave sleep lets you heal.

REM sleep is what slow wave sleep the body is. For most sleep periods, the brain is quite still, yet the brain comes alive for REM. REM sleep is when your brain thinks, reorganising knowledge. During this process, your brain cleans away obsolete knowledge, improves your memory by comparing past 24-hour interactions with previous memories, and encourages learning and neural development. Your body temperature rises, blood pressure raises, and heart rate increases. Despite all this, the body barely shifts. The REM process usually happens in brief bursts of 3-5 times each night.

Without slow wave sleep and REM sleep, the body actually continues to die. When you sleep low, you can’t heal completely, your immune system weakens, and your memory becomes foggy. Or, as the researchers described it, sleep-deprived people are at higher risk of infectious illnesses, weight gain, diabetes, elevated blood pressure, cardiac failure, psychiatric disorder, and death.

To summarise:  slow wave sleep helps physically heal and REM sleep helps you heal emotionally. The amount of time you spent in these periods continues to decline with age, which suggests your sleep quality and your body ‘s capacity to heal both decline with age.

Age-related shifts in sleep


Harvard Medical School researchers conclude, “As people mature, it takes longer to fall asleep, a condition called increased sleep latency. And sleep efficiency – the amount of time spent sleeping while in bed – decreases.

The body is remarkably adept at compensating for a short-term loss of sleep. Indeed, even though you got a brutal 2 or 4-hour sleep last night, your body will  fully recover if you get a good 9 or 10-hour sleep tonight. Simply allocate some time in REM and slow wave sleep periods for the second night to order make up for the first. In other words, the two major sleep periods are primarily determined by the volume and form of sleep you had last night.

No need to think about improving your REM or slow wave night. Your body is smarter than you are and you can’t always push yourself to get more REM sleep during a single sleep session. This is because it allows changes dependent on past sleep cycles. Just make sure you have enough sleep and let your body do the rest. This is especially relevant since the proportion of time spent in REM and slow wave sleep declines when you grow older. For example, a 60-year-old can need to sleep for 10 hours to get the same REM sleep a 20-year-old can get in 7 hours. To put it simply, sleeping has no alternative.

Naturally, this healing period has a cap. Your body can try its maximum, but will never be able to transform a shortage into a surplus. If you want to heal from a tired night, follow that with more sleep than normal.

 Circadian Rhythm

What governs the sleep-wake cycle?

The solution is circadian rhythm. The circadian period is a biochemical sequence with various processes that happens over about 24 hours. There are several important points in the standard 24-hour cycle:

[6 Midnight] –  Cortisol amounts to wake the brain and body

[7:00 A.M.] –  Development prevents melatonin

[9 Midnight] – . Development peaks in sex hormones

[10 Throughout the morning] – Cognitive alertness peaks

[14:30 P.M. ] -Strong engine synchronisation

[3.30 P.M.] – Fastest response

[5:00 p.m.] –  Best cardiovascular performance, muscle strength

[7:00 p.m.] –  Best blood pressure and temperature

[9:00 p.m.] – Melatonin continues preparing the body for sleep

[10:00 p.m.] –  Bowel expression blocked as the body quiets

[2 Midnight] – . Deep sleep

[Four A.M] -. Lowest temperature

Obviously, these times aren’t precise and actually represent the circadian rhythm pattern. Your circadian rhythm ‘s precise cycles can differ depending on weather, behaviors, and other influences.

Three primary variables influence circadian rhythm: the sun, time, and melatonin.


Sunlight potentially the circadian rhythm ‘s biggest tempo setter. Starting for 30 minutes in a bright light will also reset the circadian rhythm regardless of the time of day. More generally, eye-striking sunrise and light cause the shift to a new period.



Whether its day or night, your regular routine, and the order in which you execute activities will all influence the sleep-wake cycle.


This hormone induces drowsiness and regulates body temperature. Melatonin is released at a consistent daily pace, growing after dark and declining before dawn. Researchers suggest the duration of melatonin development helps maintain the sleep-wake cycle on track.



Now that we grasp how sleep works, let ‘s speak about some specific sleeping techniques. This will help how to improve sleep

Cutting caffeine ;  If you have difficulty sleeping, cutting caffeine from your diet is a easy victory. If you can’t live without your regular cup of coffee, a reasonable rule of thumb to bear in mind is “No caffeine after noon,” which allows ample time to run off until bedtime.

Avoid smoking or eating. : Tobacco usage has been related to a long line of health problems, and inadequate sleep is another. I have no experience in using  tobacco, but I’ve learned from friends that Allen Carr ‘s “Simple Way to Stop Smoking” is the best advice on the topic.

Using the bedroom for sleep and intimacy : Does your bedroom encourage healthy sleep? The perfect sleep condition is dim, calm, silent. Don’t make your space multi-purpose. Eliminate televisions, computers, gadgets, debris. There are easy strategies to enhance your bedroom’s preference layout, rendering sleep simpler and disturbance harder. Go to the bedroom to sleep there.

If you want more sleeping techniques, check out my post 3 Tips to boost your night.

Natural sleep-aids for how to improve sleep


Fitness. So many reasons to fitness to list them all here. At night, exercising will make things simpler for the brain and body to power down. Moreover, obesity will harm your sleep habits. The importance of exercise only increases with age. Middle-aged people sleep slightly more than their counterparts. One caveat: stop exercise two to three hours before bedtime as mental and physical stress will wire the nervous system, finding it impossible to settle down at night.


Temperature. Most people sleep in a cool bed. The optimal range is normally 65-70 degrees Fahrenheit (18-21 degrees Celsius).

Tone and room ambience

A comfortable sleeping room is essential. If it’s hard to get peace and calm, consider managing the noise in the bedroom by making “white noise” with a fan. Or, use earplugs (a decent pair).


Alcohol usage is a slippery slope. Although finding it easier to fall asleep, it also decreases the sleep quality and slows the REM period. But you fall asleep quicker, however you can wake up without sleeping. It’s possibly better to boost your sleep before resorting to drinking to do the work.


Stick to a plan. The entire circadian cycle we built earlier is one huge, regular routine. Go to bed, wake up in the morning at the same hour. HOW TO IMPROVE SLEEP? here are some cues.

Establish routine “power-stoppage” before bed. Computer screens, televisions, and phones may inhibit the development of melatonin, meaning your body is not preparing the hormones it needs to reach the sleep process. Specifically, the blue wavelength of light tends to decrease melatonin output. Developing a “power off” schedule that will help you switch off all appliances an hour or two before sleep. Additionally, operating late at night will leave the mind going and tension levels strong, and often keeps the body from resting. Switch off computers, instead, read a novel. It’s the best place to practise anything important before bed. (Another alternative is to download a software, which decreases the screen’s brightness closer to bedtime.)

Using calming methods.

Researchers conclude that at least 50% of insomnia cases are mental or stress-related. Reducing depressions can help in attaining improved sleep. There are many well established approaches to reduce depressions. These include regular journaling, breathing techniques, reflection, yoga, and maintaining a personal journal . Make use of this journal to write down something you’re happy about on a daily basis.

Afternoon Naps

Generally speaking, an early afternoon nap is the perfect option to contribute to the sleep period. This is especially beneficial if you don’t get enough sleep every night as your body will make up for the lost sleep through naps.

How to have enough control in the morning, how to improve sleep

As stated, one of the major ways to gain more energy is to get enough sleep.

There are other methods too. Some of them to how to improve sleep are :

Drink a big glass of water every morning. Your body just went 6-8 hours without any material. If you feel lethargic and groggy in the morning, you might be mildly dehydrated. The first thing to do when I wake up is drink a big, cold bottle of water .

Begin the sunshine day. Sunshine, the fresh coffee. Getting sunlight in your morning routine is critical to setting your circadian rhythm. It also helps in  waking your brain and body for the day. Quoting Ben Greenfield ‘s terms – “You can think you need no to very little coffee in the summer to high sun exposure, but you’re a total freak if you don’t get your morning cup of coffee in the grey winter months.”

Final Sleep Reflections

Cumulative sleep debt is revenue-robbing businesses with billions of dollars. It’s stealing better behavioural output individuals. It stops athletes from doing their utmost. Moreover, it prevents you from attaining your optimum efficiency.

The solution is plain, but in our productivity-obsessed society, oddly underrated: get more sleep.

The concepts in this essay provide a number of ways to attain healthier sleep.

If you’re searching for more realistic methods to build improved sleep patterns (or healthier behaviors in general), then read my Atomic Patterns book. Moreover, browse my latest posts on behavioral modification and habit-forming. It will prove to be very helpful.

You owe healthier sleep patterns to yourself. Your body and mind deserves only the very best. Take care  of your body and your body will take care of you.

Hope you all found this article informative. Following the steps mentioned above can definitely help you attain a good sleeping pattern. This, in turn can help ensure a better future and a brighter tomorrow.

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